According to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 15,000 American children 2-3 years old (a majority from low-income families) are being treated for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). On its side, the American Academy of Pediatrics’ (AAP) regulations for ADHD recommends therapeutic alternatives – like training and behavioral interventions – as the first approach for children ages 4 to 6.

A big question remains: has ADHD a biological basis or is it only a label given to a set of symptoms? In any case, establishing a diagnosis for a disorder based on symptoms that can be considered as normal for young children is tricky at best. For the time being, the AAP regulations do not even recognize ADHD diagnosis in kids under age 4.



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