According to a study by researchers at The Hong Kong Institute of Education, and the Niilo Mäki Institute and the University of Jyväskylä, both in Finland, early spatial skills – the ability to understand problems that relate to physical spaces, shapes, and forms – and early written skills are better indicators of subsequent math abilities than early oral language skills.

As said Xiao Zhang, assistant professor of psychology at The Hong Kong Institute of Education, who led the study: “Our results provide strong evidence that children’s early acquisition of written language, spatial, and number skills forms important foundations for the development of their competence in math in the elementary years.”




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