Americans, like many other people around the world, tend to assume that a child’s skills and school performance depend on inborn aptitudes. Cornelius Grove, author of The Aptitude Myth – How an Ancient Belief Came to Undermine Children’s Learning Today, explains why – up until today – so many people believe that human abilities are innate. As Carol Dweck told us a few years ago in her revolutionary book Mindset, the belief that one’s aptitudes are pre-determined is not the best message to give to our children.