– Over the years, a good amount of research has defined two antagonistic dimensions in parental behavior. On the one hand are the warm, affectionate, responsive and involved parents, highly responsive to the emotional needs of their children. On the other hand are the more controlling and demanding parents, who set up and enforce more rigorous education standards.

– The two dimensions of parental behavior – warmth/responsiveness vs. control/demandingness – lead to the four main parenting styles: Authoritative, Permissive, Authoritarian and Uninvolved. Each of those styles has specific and strong effects on the kids and tends to be passed from generation to generation. For example, the more you talk to your kids about emotions, the better they’ll become at understanding emotions.